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Beyond Braces (Glossary) – Burnsville Orthodontics


A wire engaged in orthodontic attachments, affixed to the crowns of two or more teeth and capable of causing or guiding tooth movement.


A wire engaged in orthodontic attachments, affixed to the crowns of two or more teeth and capable of causing or guiding tooth movement.

Band (orthodontic)

A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth. The band, with orthodontic attachments welded or soldered to it, is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and then cemented into place.


An orthodontic attachment that is secured to a tooth (either by bonding or banding) for the purpose of engaging an archwire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic or plastic.

Carriere Distalizer

The Carriere Distalizer is another option that could be available to patients needing headgear. This device corrects the bite without the removal of teeth and without the use of an external appliance. The device is screwed into place within the mouth and assists braces in pushing the teeth back, creating a proper bite.

Ceramic brackets

Crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal attachments.


Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.


The removal of cemented Burnsville orthodontics bands elastics (rubber bands). Used to move teeth in prescribed direction (commonly connected to molar band and upper ball hook). Found in numerous colors for better appearance.

Elastics (or Rubber Bands)

There are two types of elastics used in conjunction with braces: ligatures and inter-arch bands. The ligatures are the bands that hold the archwire in the slot on the bracket, and what you usually see featured in bright colors in kid’s mouths.

The inter-arch bands, however, are the larger bands that connect the top and bottom rows of teeth. These are used to apply pressure to the jaw as a way to correct alignment issues with a bite and reduce any overbite or underbite.


Expanders, or palatal expanders, are most commonly used for young children. These are used to eliminate the overcrowding of teeth while the plate is growing and developing. These fixed plates are rarely used for patients beyond age 14, as that is when the mouth plate becomes fused, or fully developed.

Fred or Forsus Appliance

The Fred or Forsus appliance is a custom device used with braces to correct extreme overbite issues that cannot be corrected by elastics. The device is typically installed a few months into the treatment plan and needs to be in place approximately 3 to 6 months depending on the severity of the issue.


The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.


When braces alone are not enough to correct bite issues, orthodontic headgear is often required. The headgear is an external system typically worn 12-14 hours per day as a way to hold back the growth of the upper jaw and correct overjet (a horizontal overbite). It can also be used to aid in pulling the upper jaw forward to correct an excessive underbite.


The process of acquiring representations of structures in either two or three dimensions.


Of or pertaining to the tongue. A term used to describe surfaces and directions toward the tongue.

Lingual appliances

Orthodontic appliances fixed to the lingual surface of the teeth.


Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures.


A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics.

Orthognathic Surgery

Corrective jaw surgery (orthognathic surgery) treats and corrects abnormalities of the facial bones, specifically the jaws and the teeth. Often, these abnormalities cause difficulty associated with chewing, talking, sleeping and other routine activities. Orthognathic surgery corrects these problems and, in conjunction with orthodontic treatment, will improve the overall appearance of the facial profile.

Orthognathic surgery may be unnecessary if orthodontic treatment can correct the problem. With the latest advances in Burnsville orthodontics, this is sometimes the case. We will determine if orthognathic surgery is the correct treatment option for you.


Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth, usually measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane.


A permanent image, typically on film, produced by ionizing radiation. Sometimes called an X-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.


Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.


The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.

Straight wire appliance

A variation of the edgewise appliance in which brackets are angulated to minimize multiple archwire bends. Brackets and molar tubes have specific orientation in three planes of space.

Two-Phase Treatment

Two-phase treatment occurs when a patient is evaluated and needs intervention before starting regular orthodontic treatment, resulting in two separate treatment plans.

The first phase of treatment, Phase I, usually occurs when the patient is a child and still has his or her primary teeth. The Phase I treatment plan can include preventive, interceptive or modifying treatment. Orthodontic appliances may be placed to prevent a problem from occurring, correct a current problem or help direct jawbone growth. Multiple problems with tooth alignment, gums, jaws and facial problems can be corrected with Phase I treatment. Another common added benefit of Phase I treatment is less Phase II treatment time.

Typically, Phase II treatment is normal orthodontic treatment. This involves placing braces or invisalign on the patient once his or her permanent teeth have erupted. Treatment aligns the permanent teeth patient’s jaw.

Patients who have undergone both Phase I and Phase II treatment are more likely to have lasting results. Our goal for your two-phase orthodontic treatment is to give you correctly aligned teeth that provide ideal jaw function and a great smile!

Schedule Your Burnsville Orthodontics Appointment Today!

If you haven’t already, now is the best time to schedule an orthodontist appointment. Call today at (952) 469-3333 and get a consultation at our offices located in Prior Lake or Lakeville.